Changing rural economies: theoretical background and empirical evidence

Studia Obszarów Wiejskich (2015)
Tom 39 - Post-agricultural rural space of the Visegrad countries: economies, entrepreneurship and policies
Strony: 59-76
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Rural areas have been traditionally perceived as space dominated by agriculture. However, especially
since the World War II a sinking importance of agriculture for the economy, employment and even identity
building could be observed. This has occurred both in developed capitalist and post-socialist countries. The purpose
of this article is to discuss the character of present rural economies of developed countries (and especially
Visegrad countries) with a particular attention to other than acricultural and tourism economic industries. Key
factors influencing the growth of jobs in non-farming and tourism sectors are analysed and on this basis the
conditions for entrepreneurship in rural areas in the era of the knowledge economy are re-evaluated.

Jan Evangelista Purkyně University in Ústí nad Labem
Faculty of Science
Department of Geography
České mládeže 8, 400 96, Ústí nad Labem, Czechia

Instytut Geografii i Przestrzennego Zagospodarowania PAN
ul. Twarda 51/55, 00-818 Warszawa